Ms Wagner
Ceramics 1 Minor
Today is: Wednesday,23 January,2019 11:37:12 PM

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Ceramics 1

Course 7012     
This course introduces students to basic hand-building and wheel-throwing techniques through a variety of concepts and experiences. Students will be expected to apply design elements and principles as they create functional and sculptural forms in clay. In addition, students should be willing to take creative risks in striving to develop personal ideas and interests in an original style. Individual expression is encouraged along with the appreciation for disciplined work habits in art.  

Minor: Periods per cycle: 2             Credits:  2.5     Prerequisite: None

Major Learning Objectives
By the completion of this course, the successful students will have learned:
About the properties of clay, its possibilities and limitations
How to wedge clay for hand-building and wheel-throwing
The basic hand-building techniques: pinch, slab, and coil
How to center clay on the potter’s wheel and throw a basic cylindrical form
How to tool a wheel-thrown form
How to attach clay pieces through the method of scoring and slipping How to decorate ceramic pieces through the processes of: carving, stamping, scrafitto, slip-trailing, and inlay
How to decorate ceramic pieces through the processes of: carving, stamping, scrafitto, slip-trailing, and inlay
The difference between glaze and underglaze
How to glaze ceramic pieces through the processes of: brushing, sponging, dipping and pouring

Learning Experiences
In this course, students will:
Watch demonstrations and plan their projects in their ceramic journals
Set up and clean up appropriately during every class
Stay on task during class time, be involved in planning, building or glazing projects
Photograph their finished projects in their ceramic journals and assess their work
Participate in class critiques
Participate in the K-12 annual art show, by submitting one piece of work for exhibition
Will take work home as lack of storage space dictates necessity

Course Materials
Cone 05-06 white earthenware and terra cotta clay
Gloss, texture, and underglaze glazes
Various clay tools: needle tools, ribs, rolling pins, sponges, extruders, shaping tools,
8 potters’ wheels




Course Outline

A.   Pinch project
B.   Shaker projects
C.   Slab Cup and Vase with textured design
D.   Coil Pot
E.   Slab Box
F.   Wheel-working
G.   Projects using combined techniques such as Food Sculpture

Click here for a list of CERAMIC TERMS and definitions
Scroll down for descriptions of individual projects.



Ceramics Notability Doc for Each Project:


For each Project you should have Labeled photos of the stages of clay: everything in red should be written in your doc:

1. You should have the name of the project,   "2 small pinch pots" and YOUR NAME.

2. A photo when it is Greenware, (Not fired) (If it is a long project, have 2-3 photos of work in progress)
written description of the clay techniques used to make it. for example - pinch, score and slip, blending

3. A photo when it is fired, Bisqueware

4. A photo when the glaze has been applied, with the colors recorded (Including if they are GG or UG)

5. A photo after it has been Glaze Fired -

6. if you glaze and fire it more than once, include those as additional steps.)
ceramicsdoc.pdf




Pinch Pots

You will make 2 Pinch Pots
9182014_124144_0.jpg             9182014_124203_1.jpg

Surprise Me Pinch Container
Objective: You will be constructing a functional container with a lid out of pinch pots; the outside should be glazed remarkably different from the inside in terms of color and/or design, thus “surprising” the viewer.
9182014_124834_0.jpg  9182014_124946_1.jpg  9182014_125035_2.jpg
Assessment surprise container.doc





Gloss Glaze
Underglaze
Glossy (shiny)
Matte (not shiny, flat)
Color changes when fired
What you see is what you get-
Colors DO NOT change
Makes ceramic waterproof
(Food-safe)
Does NOT make ceramic
waterproof
Different colors CANNOT be mixed to make new colors (only LAYERING of different colors is ok)
Different colors can be mixed to make new colors (white and red for pink)
Used on Bisqueware ONLY
Can be used on both Greenware
and Bisqueware



Making an Animal Shaker from 2 Pinch Pots

You will make a hollow form with beads inside for a percussion sound, and you will turn it into a creature of some kind. It can be realistic or totally imaginative, it can be a whole creature or just part of one, like a head or foot, but it must be either realistic or ORIGINAL, you may not copy someone else's design, like a pokeymon or Mickey Mouse. It should also have a textured surface.

REMEMBER - YOUR FINAL ANIMAL SHAKER NEEDS TO BE AT LEAST 5" LONG OR TALL, AND NEEDS TO HAVE AT LEAST 2 DIFFERENT TEXTURES.

1. Begin by designing your shaker: for an imaginary creature: make a sketch in your journal or on a piece of paper. For a realistic animal:  find a picture to work from. This is REQUIRED.

2. You will then make a small scale model in clay, this is REQUIRED. The model does not need to be hollow, it is a 3D sketch on which you will base your final project. After you have done this, show me your design before you begin the final project.

3. You will then make a sketch of how you will build your creature - what parts will be hollow and what shapes do your pinch pots need to be. This is REQUIRED.

4. Start by making your pinch pots. They should be SMOOTH, with walls of even thickness and smooth edges. The circumferences of the top edge of the 2 pots that will be put together should be exactly the same size, as you will attach them together, but the pots can be any shape or size.

5. Roll out small beads of clay, at least 10, for the rattle sound. Smaller beads make a higher pitched sound, larger make a lower pitched sound.

6. Roll up balls of newspaper for each pinch pot with the beads inside. These should completely fill the inside of each pinch pot with paper.

7. Score deeply and slip the top edges of each pinch pot, and gently press together. Smooth over to eliminate the seam.

8. Pinch out additional shapes to be added to make your creature, smooth out, score and slip to attach.

9. Incise at least 2 different textures on the surface with any ceramic tools.

10. Poke 2 holes in each hollow form on opposite sides with a pin tool, make sure the pin tool goes completely through the walls. Inscribe your initials on the creature.

After it is dried and bisque fired, you will glaze the entire shaker on all sides.

You will be assessed on:
Creativity and effort in making unique creature with texture    
Craftsmanship in building and refining shaker creature
Craftsmanship in application of glaze
Classroom performance

5162013_124241_0.jpg            5162013_124359_1.jpg            5162013_124506_2.jpg
   Mike B., 2013                                                Alison Y., 2013                                         Catherine D., 2013
                                                                                                                                        Scholastic Art Award
                                                                                                                                        Honorable Mention



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                                                                                        Carrie L., 2013                                                 Joe B., 2013


       5172013_95036_2.jpg        5172013_95117_3.jpg       5172013_95229_4.jpg       5172013_100638_5.jpg
                                Kevin L., 2012                          Sophie Z., 2012                 Kristen B., 2012                Sarah C., 2009




Building with Slabs

Leaf Bowl

1. Choose a shape to use as a mold (bowl, plate, etc.).

2. Choose the leaf or leaves that you want to use, and lay them into the mold to determine how many clay leaves you need to cut out. Plan on cutting out AT LEAST 3 CLAY LEAVES.

1. Using a rolling pin and 2 long sticks the same thickness, roll out a slab of clay. Roll it out, flipping the slab over every couple minutes, until all of the clay is the same thickness as the sticks. It should be smooth and perfectly even in thickness.

2. Remove the sticks, lay the leaf on the clay, and gently roll the pin over it to press it into the clay.

3. Carefully cut around the leaf with a pin tool.

4. Remove the leaf and SMOOTH OUT ALL THE EDGES AFTER CUTTING IT.

5. Cut out AT LEAST 3 CLAY LEAVES. After they are all cut out, gently press the leaves into your mold, be sure to SCORE AND SLIP where the leaves overlap to attach them together. Incise your initials on it somewhere.

6. Leave the clay leaves in the mold to dry on your shelf.  

7. After it is bisque fired, glaze the dish. You can use the wiping technique on parts of it to emphasize the texture design, paint other parts a solid color, paint details with a small brush, and use under or gloss glaze. Be sure to paint the side edges and the bottom of the dish.
Use at least one of the following Glazing techniques:
1. Wiping    2. Sponging    3. Layering colors and wiping/sponging

You will be assessed on:
-Craftsmanship in rolling out a smooth slab, impressing with leaf, cutting detailed shape, smoothing out all edges
- Creativity in designing a bowl or plate by overlapping multiple clay leaves
-Creativity and craftsmanship in application of glazes with layering and wiping/sponging
-Classroom performance





SLAB PROJECT - MAKING A SLAB DISH AND SLAB CUP THAT ARE A SET -


THEY SHOULD HAVE THE SAME DESIGN OR BE RELATED THEMATICALLY.
REQUIRED: DRAW A DESIGN FOR both THE DISH AND THE CUP FIRST.
        1. DRAW THE SHAPE OF THE DISH,
        2. DRAW THE DISH TEXTURE DESIGN, OR WRITE A DESCRIPTION
                i.e. rolling out lace, tracing a buc's buccaneer, using an animal cookie cutter, etc.
        3. DRAW THE CUP HANDLE DESIGN
        4. DRAW THE CUP TEXTURE DESIGN, OR WRITE A DESCRIPTION
                
Directions for Making the Slab Dish

1. Using a rolling pin and 2 long sticks the same thickness, roll out a slab of clay. Roll it out, flipping the slab over every couple minutes, until all of the clay is the same thickness as the sticks. It should be smooth and perfectly even in thickness.

2. Using a ruler, triangle and pin tool, cut a rectangle from the slab that is a minimum of 8” x 6”,or any size larger. Remove the excess clay around the rectangle.

3. Lay the slab flat on the piece of foam. Select a small wood block, center it on the slab, and press it down into the slab to leave an impression. Remove the slab from the foam.  You will then need to gently flatten down a little the fluted sides and corners so you can work on it.

4. Decide if you want to cut the outside edge to be an interesting shape rather than a straight line. SMOOTH OUT ALL THE EDGES AFTER CUTTING IT.

5. Use stamps and any other tools to impress a texture design on the slab, keeping in mind how you will glaze it later. Incise your initials on it somewhere.

6. Lay the finished slab on a small wood board, then lift up again the fluted sides and corners to make the shape you want. Support them by putting small balls of clay under them. Put the board with the slab on it to dry on your shelf.  

7. After it is bisque fired, glaze the dish. You can use the wiping technique on parts of it to emphasize the texture design, paint other parts a solid color, paint details with a small brush, and use under or gloss glaze. Be sure to paint the side edges and the bottom of the dish.

You will be assessed on:
-Craftsmanship in rolling out a smooth slab, cutting out the shape, smoothing out all edges, neatly impressing textures
- Creativity in designing a plate with textures to create a design
-Creativity and craftsmanship in application of glazes with layering and wiping/sponging
-Classroom performance






You will make a vessel (container) with slabs, a cup with a handle. It should have a design from textures on it and a unique handle. You can use stamps in the classroom, clay tools, etc. You will also enhance the design with different colored glazes.


Directions for Making a Slab Cup

  • Begin by researching different CUP HANDLES, you can get ideas from a
 Google search “ceramic cups"  but you will not COPY someone eles's idea, you will make your own design for a creative cup handle. Draw a sketch of what your handle will look like. It can be cut from a slab, made from a coil or pinched out in the shape you want.

1. Roll out a thick slab with sticks so it is PERFECTLY LEVEL
2. Cut a large rectangle using a ruler – 8” x 4” for a cup.
3. With a piece of paper, soften only the TOP edge of the slab, on both sides.
4. Cut a bevel edge on one of the narrow ends of the slab with a pin tool – (45% angle)
5. Turn over the slab and cut a bevel on the other end.         1092008_12155_0.png
6. Use your stamps and any other clay tools to make patterns with texture on one side of the slab, this will be on the outside of your cup/vase.  Use at least 2 different stamps/tools for texture.    
7. Score and slip the bevel edges and join together, standing up the clay slab in the shape of a cup.
8. Roll out a thick slab for the base.
9. Trace and cut around the bottom of the cup for the shape of the base.
         10. Inscribe your initials on the base slab, on the side that will be on the outside of the cup.
11. Score and slip the base and the bottom edge of the cup then join together.
12. REFINE YOUR CUP - SMOOTH DOWN ALL EDGES AND SIDES.
13. Add your unique handle to the cup by cutting a a shape from a thick slab, or pinching a shape, then score and slipp and join to the side of the cup.
1092008_12155_1.png       
You will be assessed on:
Creativity and effort in making textured design on cup  
Creativity in the unique shape of the cup handle
Application of glaze
Craftsmanship in building and refining cup
Classroom performance




Pottery wheel projects, Term 3 & 4

During term 3 and 4, you will work on the wheel many times making a variety of forms. You can make as many as you want. You MUST THROW on the wheel a minimum of 5 pots. The first 2 will be practice pieces. You then need to save, fire and glaze your best 3 pots. Take pix of all your work, including the practice pieces, so I know you made them.

YOU MUST fire and glaze at least 3 vessels by the end of term 4
        1. Straight Cylinder at least 4” tall with a tooled base
        2. Cup your choice shape and size with a tooled foot and a HANDLE that is attached with score and slip technique.
        3. Free choice with a tooled base

This means:
  • Wheel thrown
  • Dried to leather hard (then wrapped in plastic until next step)
  • Tooled (tool the base of your piece, then add a handle or inscribe any patterns or drawings before it dries) Always inscribe your name on the base, then leave to bone dry on your shelf.
  • Bisque fired
  • Glazed and glaze fired
If you want to make a specific shape: i.e. a deep bowl, a vase the opens out at the top, a pitcher, LOOK UP & WATCH DEMO VIDEOS ON YOUTUBE.

After its fired, you can use different glazing techniques on it, such as
-Layering colors
-Stencils
-Sponging, wiping, Splatter
-Directly painting on designs









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 Coil Pot                                       Coil Pot                                                         Coil Pot


2252014_110702_1.jpg           2252014_110719_2.jpg        2252014_110749_3.jpg


9202010_14507_1.jpg        2252014_111008_5.jpg        2252014_111024_6.jpg



Coil Pot

Some things to consider before you start –
How many different kinds of coils can I use and still have a sense of unity in my coil pot?
What kind of shape could I use for the base of my pot?
What kinds of negative spaces can I have in the sides of my pot?
What kind of overall shape (profile) can I give my pot?

Requirements:
Coil pot must be at least 7 inches high.
Coil pot should have a minimum of 3 different kinds of coils, placed with care.
You can use cut out shapes as well as coils.
You can leave SMALL negative (empty) spaces in the sides of the pot.
Pot should be neatly crafted.
Coils need to be blended in on the inside so the pot stays together.
Coils need to be completely blended smooth on the inside so the pot stays together.
BLEND EACH COIL/SHAPE THOROUGHLY ON THE INSIDE WHEN YOU ADD IT, DO NOT WAIT UNTIL YOU HAVE ADDED MORE COILS.
Coils should be exposed on the outside.
Glaze should complement the pot.
It should take a minimum of three classes to build the pot.

To Begin:
1. Draw the profile of the shape of the pot you want to make.
2. Draw designs for at least 3 different ways to shape a coil.
3. Role out a thick slab for the base.
4. Cut out desired shape for the base, at least 5” wide.
5. Roll out one regular coil long enough to fit around the circumference of the base.
        COILS SHOULD BE ABOUT AS THICK AS YOUR FINGER
6. Place on TOP of the base and attach to it by blending the clay on the inside.
7. Roll out and add 2 more regular coils that fit all the way around, blending the clay on the inside after adding each one.
8. Now you can begin to change the shape and placement of the coils, add cutout shapes, and leave negative spaces.

You will be assessed on:
Creativity in profile shape of pot
Creativity in design with unique shapes and placement of coils
Craftsmanship with clay –coils are smooth, even, well blended on inside, POT IS STURDY AND HOLDS TOGETHER
Choice of glaze complements design, and is applied evenly, with care
Effort/classroom performance




9202010_15119_1.jpg       9202010_15148_2.jpg

   Food Sculpture, Zana K., 2009                                        Food Sculpture, Beth Z., 2009


Sculpting Food Good Enough to Eat

You will make a sculpture of a dish of prepared food. It could be for instance:
An ice cream sundae
A bagel cut in half, toasted with cream cheese
A slice of apple pie with a scoop of ice cream melting on it

You must include a plate/dish of some kind on which it will be served. This can be made by draping a slab of clay over a plate or dish as a mold, throwing it on the wheel, or making a coil dish.

Consider:
What combination of techniques will you use to create it – pinch, slab, coil, wheel? (including how wet/dry the clay will be)
Will it be one solid sculpture or an assemblage of pieces made and fired separately? What parts need to be hollow?
Will you score and slip clay parts together or fire them separately, glaze them, then glaze glue them together?
Remember – this is not a functional piece, how will it be displayed?
What texture does the food have and what tools will you use to create that?
What kinds of glazes, colors and finishes will you use?  How will you decorate the dish?  You can use underglaze, regular glaze or a combination of them.  It can be glossy or matt, or a combination of the two.


1. Draw a sketch in your sketchbook first, noting what color clay(s) and glazes you will use, and how you will construct it. Be creative, research ideas in gourmet food magazines or websites, make up your own menu.

2. Make the dish on the wheel, (plate or bowl of some kind) OR make a slab plate by using a real plate as a drape mold, cover it w/plastic, then put a slab on. You can carve a design into your dish if you want.

3. Sculpt the different food elements separately, and be sure to hollow out any large items. Be sure to create the surface textures of the food.

4. Assemble food on your dish. You can keep clay pieces from sticking to the plate and each other with small pieces of dry newspaper.

5. After its dried and bisque fired, you can glaze items separately. Remember to consider if you want something to be shiny or matt, and if you will decorate the dish.

6. Carefully reassemble everything together on the plate if you want it glaze-glued together. Put on glaze cart that way. If you want anything fired separately, lay them out separately on the glaze cart.


You will be assessed on:
Craftsmanship and detail in both clay and glaze
Creativity
Effort
Classroom performance.


 Last Modified: 7 January,2016
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